Sunday, August 23, 2020

Plastic Surgery Essay Example for Free

Plastic Surgery Essay Research Paper Outline Plastic Surgery Section Specialties Recruiting and Retention Fund November 6, 2012 Attn: Mr. Eric J. Harris, Q.C. From: Stan Valnicek, MD, Section Head †Plastic Surgery Dear Mr. Harris Thank you for setting aside the effort to survey our accommodation for the SRRF. We have attempted to compose it into coherent segments speaking to the issues that we face as a Section. Our contention depends on information from the accompanying sources: 1. Canadian Institute for Health Information 2. Clinical Services Plan (MSP) BC Payment Information 2010/11 report (Latest) 3. Review of our area participation †October 2012 (83% reaction rate) I I have remembered the crude information for the index to this accommodation. We have attempted to utilize the most recent accessible informational indexes from sources autonomous to our area all together be reasonable and precise in our cases. I am glad to give all extra documentation and supporting proof for things in this accommodation as required. The objective of this accommodation is to secure the arrangement of open emergency clinic based plastic medical procedure benefits in the area of BC. Ongoing media consideration in the Vancouver Sun has carried light to the significant delays our patients face in the open framework: Part of the open issue identifies with constrained emergency clinic assets in the BC general human services framework. Boundaries to enrollment are principally determined by accessibility of OR time and the eagerness of Health Authorities to give the vital assets to new specialists. Lo w compensation affects enlistment in territories of the territory that are constantly underserviced since serious rustic open doors exist across Canada in any event, when major urban regions are very much staffed. Our fundamental issue as a segment is maintenance of specialists inside the open framework and this is basically determined by noteworthy intra and between common pay errors that put us close to the base of every single careful forte. Research Paper Outline 0. Meaning of Plastic Surgery Plastic medical procedure is a misjudged claim to fame and it is astonishing to us how unavoidable the misguided judgments are among the general population as well as our partners in the clinical calling. Media depictions of restorative medical procedure have prompted terrible contortions and hurtful perspectives, which throughout the years have had critical negative effect on our calling and especially on compensation for open work. Plastic medical procedure as a strength became out of the need to address the administration of complex injury recuperating issues in patients with extreme consumes, spinal line wounds, significant injury or imperfections brought about by the extirpation of malignancies. This is as yet the center of our calling today. One hundred years prior skin uniting didn't exist and even moderate consumes were deadly or prompted extreme contractures and deep rooted incapacity. Patients who had bosoms or parts of t heir face expelled spent their outstanding lives distorted and frequently disregarded. Spinal rope harmed patients lived with enormous bedsores seriously confining their versatility and freedom. Kids brought into the world with inherent peculiarities, for example, facial clefts were excluded or more terrible. Those of us who complete missions to the third world see the consequences for patients and families in districts where plastic careful consideration isn't promptly accessible. Plastic specialists have likewise been pioneers in tissue transplantation, wound recuperating, nerve recovery and tissue designing. Revamping structure and capacity has prompted the advancement of altogether new zones, for example, hand and wrist medical procedure, facial injury medical procedure, craniofacial medical procedure, microsurgery and skin malignant growth the executives. In the territory of BC our plastic medical procedure segment gives most of care in the accompanying regions: Disease and injury to hand and wrist Disease and injury to the face Burns Congenital deformities of the furthest point or face Reconstruction for surrenders from malignancy removal Pressure bruises in spinal line harmed or foundationally sick patients Complex injuries Severe contaminations including necrotizing fasciitis Primary tumors of skin and delicate tissue Microsurgical reattachment of cut off appendages or body parts (scalp, ear and so on.) Microsurgical transplantation of tissue Gender reassignment medical procedure We are likewise the third or fourth busiest careful assistance (out of 10) as far as crisis medical procedure because of our inclusion of most of hand, wrist and facial wounds. ii Research Paper Outline I. Enlistment and Retention A: Demographics iii Before introducing our information, I might want to explain a portion of the hidden segment factors. We directly perceive a sum of 81 BC plastic specialists (characterized as those with Canadian confirmation through the RCPS(C) or worldwide identical) inside our Section in BC. A portion of these are low maintenance, semi-resigned or in principally private practice. These serve an expected 2012 BC populace of 4.5 million (Statscan 1). So as to decide â€Å"full time† experts, the Medical Services Commission (MSC) characterizes a cut off for low billings. This progressions yearly and is as of now set at $82,100 yearly MSP billings or less. With this metric our numbers drop to 52 dynamic specialists for the most recent year information was accessible (2010/11)2. Government (MSP) plastic medical procedure registration information varies somewhat as they incorporate any individual who â€Å"bills† fundamentally out of our area of the charge plan as a â€Å"Plastic Surgeon†. There are around 3-5 of these doctors and may incorporate Orthopedic specialists with an essential hand medical procedure practice or impermanent locums. For the motivations behind this accommodation, we will utilize the most present MSP informational collections for the accompanying reasons: they are promptly accessible to the BCMA and to each segment. the BCMA utilizes them for their own computations and designations any apportioned assets legitimately advantage doctors charging out of the plastic medical procedure area of the expense control 1 2 Medical Services Plan (MSP) BC Payment Information 2010/11 report appended Research Paper Outline B: Plastic Surgery Manpower in BC over recent years iv In the event that one ganders at the numbers from the MSP dataset throughout the previous six years, our development as an area appears to be huge. I have contrasted us with all other careful claims to fame (9 segments) and clinical strengths (18 areas). No doubt the absolute number of BC plastic specialists developed quickly for a long time with a leveling off in the last two. 3 18% 16% 14% 12% 10% 20% Plastic Surgery Anesthesia 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% Other careful strengths Medical Specialties Diagram 1: 6 Year Trend in BC Physician Manpower more than 2005/06 Baseline taking a gander at complete doctor numbers per classification 3 Clinical Services Plan (MSP) BC Payment Information 2010/11 report joined Research Paper Outline v At the point when one applies the semi-resigned/low maintenance installment cutoff (set by MSP) to decide the pattern in â€Å"full time† plastic specialists, the numbers change significantly. Here the information shows that in spite of an expansion in anesthetists, clinical experts and other careful strengths generally speaking, the quantity of full time BC plastic specialists has dropped over the most recent 6 years. 20% Plastic Surgery 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 Anesthesia 15% 10% 5% 0% Graph 2: 6 Year Trend in BC Physician Manpower more than 2005/06 Baseline seeing full time doctor numbers per classification - 10% - 5% Other careful claims to fame Medical Specialties The MSP charging information shows that regardless of a 17% expansion in the quantity of plastic specialists in the area more than 6 years, the number who bill over a base cut-off and would be viewed as full time has dropped 7%. This pattern is as an unmistakable difference to the development of other forte gatherings in BC. The number of inhabitants in BC from the 2006 to the 2011 evaluation developed from 4.1 million to 4.4 million for a 9% expansion. Another perspective on information shows that in 2005/06 just 19% of BC plastic specialists were charging under the $82,100 cutoff while in 2010/11 the extent had developed to 35%. The effect of this on free to plastic careful consideration is huge. Research Paper Outline C) Manpower issues identified with enrollment and retirement vi Our UBC Medical School has a preparation program for plastic specialists. We generally produce 2-3 alumni every year. Given a populace of 80 specialists and a profession length of 30-35 years one would envision requiring 2-3 new specialists every year in BC. The larger part (88%) of UBC graduates remain in the territory (in view of a survey of all alumni since 1971) and this is reflected in the ascent in absolute plastic specialists in BC in the course of recent years. An ongoing study of our BC segment participation (86% reaction rate) shows 55% feel their emergency clinic is understaffed for plastics and a further 8.6% call their circumstance seriously exhausted. A full 70% of respondents might want to enroll at least one plastic specialists to their locale in the following 3 years. The main three hindrances to enlistment were OR accessibility, collaboration of the Health Authority and low MSP compensation contrasted with different areas. Just 17% felt that accessibility of appropr iate up-and-comers was an issue for enlistment. The significant inquiry is this: Why has the quantity of full time plastic specialists dropped over the ongoing multi year duration as appeared in Charts 1 and 2 in spite of development in every other gathering? The appropriate response we accept lays in a quickening and significant move in our sections’ labor and center from the open framework over to the private (restorative medical procedure) part. D) Private (Cosmetic) Plastic Surgery †Myths and Realities The private or corrective practice in plastic medical procedure has existed since our claim to fame started. Numerous perspectives about private medical procedure mirror the circumstance either in the media (film/TV depictions of restorative medical procedure) or depends on chronicled conduct (30 years prior private medical procedure was the space of the individuals who had �

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Total Physical Response Essay Example For Students

Absolute Physical Response Essay TPRTPRTotal Physical Response is a language learning technique dependent on the coordination of discourse and activity. It was created by James Asher, a teacher of brain science at San Jose State University. TPR depends on the way that the human mind has an organic program for acquiring(CSsEOCE) any common language on earth including the communication via gestures of the hard of hearing. The procedure is noticeable when we see how newborn children disguise their first language. The mystery is a discussion between the parent and newborn child. For instance, the primary discussion is a parent saying, Look at daddy. Take a gander at daddy. The babies face turns toward the voice and daddy shouts, Shes taking a gander at me! Shes taking a gander at me! Dr. Asher calls this a language-body discussion on the grounds that the parent talks and the newborn child answers with a physical reaction, for example, looking, grinning, chuckling, turning, strolling, coming to, getting a handle on, holding, sitting, running, etc. We will compose a custom exposition on Total Physical Response explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now In a TPR exercise, educators model activities which understudies then mimic(iICSsi) as they simultaneously(aUCo) hear jargon words and orders in the objective language. For instance, an educator wishing to encourage the expressions stand up and plunk down will provide these orders, model for understudies, and afterward welcome understudies to stand up and plunk down as they hear the suitable order. These straightforward expressions can without much of a stretch be spiced up in TPR practice, as an educator may order an understudy to stand up or plunk down rapidly, gradually, on a book, to one side, to one side, twice while wheezing, multiple times while singing the nationalanthem, etc.As a specific activity is related with every jargon word or expression, understudies quickly and normally procure language while setting up enduring relationship between the mind and the muscles. Much like figuring out how to ride a bike, understudies who learn language through TPR won't before long over look it. it is centered around single-thing jargon words . Second language learning is corresponding to first language learning and ought to mirror the equivalent naturalistic procedures. Kids react truly to communicated in language, and grown-up students learn better in the event that they do that as well. When listening appreciation has been created, discourse grows normally and easily out of it. Grown-ups should utilize right-mind engine exercises, while the left side of the equator watches and learns. TPR appears to work for most dialects including the communication through signing of the hard of hearing and the language of science. REFRENCES:Year 2000 Update for Total Physical Response by Dr. James Asher, originator of TPRTotal Physical Response Storytelling: A Communicative Approach to Language Learning by Valeri MarshWhat is TPR :from

Friday, August 21, 2020

Goodman Brown free essay sample

To think about Young Goodman Brown in Nathaniel Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown with Roderick Usher from Edgar Allan Poes The Fall of the House of Usher, one should initially comprehend the spurring factor each man has of his general surroundings and how they respond to that world. Both Brown and Usher experience the ill effects of thwarted expectation and a passionate seperation from family because of a horrible encounter they couldn't or reluctant to recoup from, in this manner discoloring their desire forever. Neither one of the men can transcend the sentiments that came about because of these events. Despite the fact that Usher and Brown are two unique men, they dread something very similar, passing. Usher had an unreasonable dread of death itself, while Brown feared succumbing to sin and consume in Hell forever. Youthful Goodman Brown is a genuine Puritan, persuaded by his confidence. Earthy colored is blameless and to some degree guileless in his perspective on his general surroundings. We will compose a custom article test on Goodman Brown or on the other hand any comparable theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page He participates in an excursion through the dull woods one night with a man ventured to be simply the fallen angel. This experience stirs him to the wealth of double dealing and corrupt conduct of those he once regarded as well as his family too. While talking about Browns strong christian family ancestry, the more interesting remarks I have been too familiar with your family as ever a one among the Puritans (391). Earthy colored understands that even great christian people tumble to the allurement of wrongdoing. Nonetheless, realizing this doesn't decrease the dread and disgrace he feels that he himself may likewise capitulate to sin before the sun rises. With Roderick Usher, he is persuaded by the staggering feeling of entanglement his dread of kicking the bucket holds over him. It is clear Usher experiences serious mental tension, along these lines distorting his impression of the real world. His silly conduct, just as the storytellers disquiet, declines as the story advances. What is muddled is the first reason for Ushers extreme feelings of dread. As indicated by the storyteller, Usher sees his reality as dim and choking, which is reflecting the feeling of insuffferable unhappiness of the state of the family bequest (505). As a result of Browns failure to acknowledge that sooner or later everybody sins, he winds up carrying on with an existence without trust. Everybody is currently a miscreant on the flooding parkway to Hell. He permits his embitterment to demolish his once cherishing relationship with his significant other, leaving him to pass on a pitiful and forlorn man. The inscription upon his gravestone stays unfilled, no cheerful section upon his headstone; for his perishing hour was unhappiness (397). Incapable to defeat the mind-boggling feeling of fate, Ushers silly dread is the thing that at last causes the very thing he is so terrified of, his own passing. Add to an effectively shaky psyche the blame of burying his twin sister while she despite everything lives, it is no little miracle the phantom like development of Madeline makes him succumb to the fear he had foreseen. Ironicly upon the passings of the last two Usher decendants the forceful dividers surged in two and the profound and wet pool shut dourly and quietly over the parts of the House of Usher (515). The house is devoured by the water encompassing it. To close, it is anything but difficult to permit oneself to get lost in ones own psyche, in this manner making a sort of mental jail. It is similarly as critical to acknowledge that defects and fears exist in everybody. Passing shows up to all sooner or later, along these lines, appreciate the supernatural endowment of existence without permitting the dread of kicking the bucket to devour the unadulterated delight of relaxing.


Question: How does the idea of mental size associate with our conversation here on power. Further, how does upward and descending correspondence identify with our discussion here on power? Answer: The mental size idea has a unique significance with regards to places of power. This force can prompt there being an effect on the procedure of correspondence. Mental size likewise influences the individuals deciding the way in which things are being done (Wong, Wong, Heng, 2007). Force can likewise prompt there being hesitance towards a two-way correspondence and prompting a correspondence being one path since there may be hesitance in the individuals to annoy the individuals in power (Franke, 1993). Reference Franke, R. (1993). The Ultimate Advantage: Creating the High-Involvement Organization.Academy Of Management Perspectives,7(1), 105-106. Wong, J., Wong, P., Heng, L. (2007). An examination of administration styles and relationship societies of Chinese and exile chiefs in global development organizations in Hong Kong.Construction Management And Economics,25(1), 95-106.

Monday, July 6, 2020

Process Of Wound Healing From The Point Of Wound Formation - 3300 Words

Process Of Wound Healing From The Point Of Wound Formation (Essay Sample) Content: WOUND HEALINGStudent:Professor:Course:Date:WOUND HEALINGThe human skin sustains injuries throughout life; this is brought by the concept that it is known to be a plastic organ. The skin can repair wounds, and this makes it paramount to surviving (Phillips, 2003). The ability to repair wounds is regulated by wound components which include; stem cells, extracellular matrix and mechanical force (Phillips, 2003). These pathways are combined across the different skin parts and are sort out on molecular and cellular levels. Wound healing is a dynamic and complex process that involves replacement of missing tissue layers and cellular structures. Shaw explains that wound repair is an essential physiological process for tissue homeostasis though it can be impaired in diseases and leads to the formation of numerous pathologies (Shaw, Martin, 2009).A wound can be as a result of internal or external damage. The internal damage is due to an impaired immune and nervous system funct ion or a decrease in the supply of blood, insufficient oxygen supply or inadequate supply of nutrients to the affected areas. The external wounds are results of objects penetration or non-penetrating trauma (Kumar, Marianne, Anthony, 2006).However, a wound can have an exposed underlying tissue, and they, therefore, form an open wound whereas closed wound do results as damages that occur without exposing the underlying tissue (Wilson, 1999). The ways in which skin is injured will always determine how the injured wound will get to heal. An incised wound will cause little damage to the surrounding tissue and so there will be no interruption of the blood supply, therefore, it will get to heal faster. The shearing injuries will cause minimal disruption of the skin surface, but it may lead to tissue necrosis with the risk of infections and prolonged healing if proper handling is not addressed (Nicholas, 2002).However, a wound can be caused by different factors such as the natural disaste r among others, and several factors can alter a wound from healing properly (Kumar, Marianne, Anthony, 2006). So the possible causes of the tissue damage are to be identified before the wound healing process is carried out through the wound healing process takes time and slows with age. Depending on the time a wound takes to heal, a wound can be an acute or chronic injury (Broughton, Janis, Attinger, 2006). Cases of chronic wounds are common among the older population, and it takes a longer time to heal. The process of wound healing can be put into three or four phases i.e. hemostasis, inflammatory phase, proliferation/granulation phase, and remodeling phase. A wound can be as a result of internal or external damage. The internal damage is due to an impaired immune and nervous system function or a decrease in the supply of blood, insufficient oxygen supply or inadequate supply of nutrients to the affected areas. The external wounds are results of objects penetration or non-penetrati ng trauma (Kumar, Marianne, Anthony, 2006).However, a wound can have an exposed underlying tissue, and they, therefore, form an open wound whereas closed wound do results as damages that occur without exposing the underlying tissue (Wilson, 1999). The ways in which skin is injured will always determine how the injured wound will get to heal. An incised wound will cause little damage to the surrounding tissue and so there will be no interruption of the blood supply, therefore, it will get to heal faster. The shearing injuries will cause minimal disruption of the skin surface, but it may lead to tissue necrosis with the risk of infections and prolonged healing if proper handling is not addressed (Nicholas, 2002).A healing process of a wound involves wound contraction, synthesis of collagen and epithelization process. However, the ability of the skin to heal depends on the depth of the damage to the skin which can be classified as; The superficial, partial thickness and full thickness . According to Percival, the superficial wounds involve the epidermis and papillary dermis, and they heal by epithelialization from surviving pilosebaceous units such as sweat glands and hair follicles (Broughton, Janis, Attinger, 2006).The partial thickness heals with a combination of re-epithelialization from pilosebaceous units with the ability of wound contraction and scar formation. The full thickness wounds, however, involves two healing stages, Primary, and secondary healing.Immediately after tissue injury through an incision, the first response is usually bleeding.It is the body's natural response which is then triggered by chemical release from endothelial cells and pain receptors. Coagulation and vasoconstriction start with clotted blood covering the wound. The wound undergoes dehydration and a layer forms (Gnter, Machens, 2014). The healing process is systematic and goes in the events as follows.Wound healing phasesInitial phase- hemostasisThe first result of an injury i s followed by an outflow of lymphatic fluid and blood Hemostasis begins almost immediately after the wound has occurred. The affected blood vessels start to constrict to reduce blood flow to the wounded area. It is the body's natural response which is then triggered by chemical releases from endothelial cells and pain receptors. Both the extrinsic and intrinsic clotting mechanisms become activated (Steed, 2003). Following the platelets respond by discharging adenosine diphosphate (ADP) which help thrombocyte to clump, therefore covering the wound. The thrombocytes together with white blood cells release the other numerous factors to accelerate healing process (Gnter, Machens, 2014). Blood cells get caught in the mesh and strengthen the clot. While the fibrin meshes forms around the wounded area, the blood begins to coagulate into a gel. Here inflammation process, myoblastic creation, blood vessels growth have commenced.The interleukins here influences inflammation process. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) enhance the formulation of blood vessels.(Falabella, Kirsner, 2005)Second phase-inflammationAs inflammatory phase begins during hemostasis phase, the initial component of inflammatory phase is controlled by macrophages. The inflammation stage will also be followed by the passive leakage of circulating leukocytes from the damaged blood vessel into the wound accompanied by rapid activation of immune cells together with the Langerhans cells which release a quick pulse of chemokines and cytokines. Within 6-8hours, the next stage of the healing process is underway. The polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNS) extrude themselves from blood vessels, and they cleanse and clear debris from the wound. As this continues monocytes exude from vessels Once (Steed, 2003).when they leave vessels they are termed as macrophages and are responsible for continuous cleansing and manufacturing growth factors. The macrophages also secrete many of the factors that influence the process of wound healing (Falabella, Kirsner, 2005).Third phase- granulation/proliferationIn this phase, there are different sub-phases which don't happen in separate time frames but an ongoing process. These sub-phases are "matrix deposit in fibroplasia angiogenesis and re-epithelialization which can last even up to four weeks for a clean wound (Falabella, Kirsner, 2005). The proliferation process depend on the size and the location of the wound, for example, a small skin wound will take a lesser time to heal, the cells within the wound form a permanent closure of the wound gap and replenish the lost tissues. Fibroblasts are connective tissue that helps promote the growth of new tissue in the injured area (Wilson, 1999). Angiogenesis is stimulated by growth factors and begins to form new blood vessels from the damaged blood vessels. Collagen proteins are deposited and increase the strength of the new tissue forming. The extracellular matrix is formed through secretions from other cells and provides more structural and biochemical support to surrounding cells. Granulation tissue forms on the surface of the wound (Wilson, 1999).During the epithelialization phase, epithelial cells migrate across the new granulation tissue to form a barrier between the wound and the environment. In the final phase of the regular wound healing process, collagen is rearranged and replaced with different types of collagen (Kumar, Marianne, Anthony, 2006).Fourth phase remodeling/maturationIn this phase, the wound goes through constant alteration called improvement. This process can even last for after the injury occurred (Garg, Longaker, 2000).The wound contracts a great extent when secondary healing is taking place, unlike the primary healing. Finally the twelfth week, the resultant scar has 80% tensile strength replaced by the original skin. Remodeling and realignment of the collagen tissue occur to produce greater tensile strength then follows. Enoch explains that wound improveme nt takes place when the underlying contractile and connective tissue shrinks to bring the edges of the wounds together (Enoch, 2004).This contraction occurs between the interaction of the fibroblast and surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM).Agents like platelet-rich plasma are factors that have positive effects on regeneration of tissues and successfully they have been used to facilitate wound healing (Gnter, Machens, 2014).Nutrition is also critical for wound healing. It correlates with fast with wound healing (Garg, Longaker, 2000).However, in some instances wounds do not undergo the above stages when the wound is much chronic. In this case, the wound has to be handled by a clinician.Chronic wound healingThe chronic wound healing involves a search by a clinician for underlying causes that may have made a woun...

Tuesday, June 30, 2020

How to Prep for the PSAT

Learn What to Expect During the PSAT Exam Many high school juniors are gearing up for the PSAT this fall. Oftentimes, this is a student’s first experience with a standardized test for college and for many, it can provide valuable insight into their academic strengths and weaknesses. The PSAT is also the qualifying test for the National Merit Scholarship Program, which awards college scholarship money to top test takers. In order to earn your personal best score, it’s important to prepare in advance and set yourself up for success. Keep reading to learn our top tips for preparing for the PSAT exam. Make Sure to Sign Up in AdvancedIn order to take the PSAT, students must register through their school. The PSAT is offered three times in October, and your school will offer the test on one of those three dates. Check with your school guidance department about when you are able to register and on what date you school is offering the test. Students who are homeschooled or located internationally may still be eligible to take the exam, so don’t be afraid to reach out in order to learn more. Learn the BasicsThe PSAT has two main sections - Reading Writing and Math. The highest score a student can receive is a 760 per section and the minimum score is 160. Consequently, a perfect score on the exam would be a 1520 and the lowest score a test taker could possible receive would be a 320. The exam takes 2 hours and 45 minutes in total and includes a near equal distribution of reading, writing, and math questions, which the chart further breaks down below. Section Questions Time Reading 47 60 minutes Writing 44 35 minutes Math 48 75 minutes Don’t Be Afraid to GuessOn the PSAT, an incorrect answer is the same leaving an answer blank -- there is no additional penalty for guessing. This means that if you’re unsure of an answer, it’s always better to try and take a guess than to leave any answers blank! Take a practice testIf possible, take a practice exam before sitting for the PSAT so you have a better idea of what you can expect. Students can find an official one by visiting the CollegeBoard’s website. Take note of the kinds of questions on the exam and if there are any specific topics that are particularly challenging for you. A practice exam can also help students develop a better sense of the timing and pace of the exam, so they know what to expect on test day. Create a ChecklistSet yourself up for success on exam day by preparing what you need to bring in advance. This should include at least two No. 2 pencils with erasers, a calculator that is approved by the CollegeBoard, and a photo ID or CollegeBoard Student ID Form. Avoid bringing any items that are banned on test day, including colored pens and pencils, smartwatches, and rulers. On the morning of the exam, give yourself enough time to double-check your bag, eat a balanced breakfast, and arrive at school with time to spare. Whether you’re hoping to secure a scholarship through the National Merit Program or only just beginning to explore college test preparation, the PSAT is a great opportunity to evaluate your test taking skills and gauge how you will perform on future on exams. If you’re preparing for standardized tests and looking for one on one help, our team of expert tutors can ensure you feel confident when it comes time to take your exam.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

What is the Purpose of Critical Criminology - 2011 Words

Critical criminology is a study of crime using a conflict perspective which considers the causes and contexts for crime, deviance and disorder; it has also been known as radical criminology and the new criminology. This perspective combines a wide range of concerns from across the more radical approaches, such as Marxism and feminism. It incorporates a wide number of ideas and political strands, generally associated with an oppositional position in relation to conventional criminology. Raising epistemological questions about the ideological foundations of criminology has been the objective of critical criminologists. Critical studies are extremely important in this respect as they keep us all on our toes with regard to our own†¦show more content†¦The central problem was that wholesale improvement in social conditions resulted in not a drop in crime but rather the reverse (Young 1998, p.159). Critical criminology had a significant impact on academic criminology over two decades ago but still remains important and influential today. The new criminology had a brief period of decline and is now experiencing a resurgence of interest and influence (Walton Young 1998). Critical criminologists raise a number of important questions and see crime as a process related to wider economic and political structures of power. They question the way social control operates and is used. They explain crime as a result of the alienation and powerless of the working class, con trolled by capitalism. The focus for structuralist criminology is the crimes of the powerful and the crimes of the less powerful. The ruling class was seen to create laws that served their basic interests and also to exercise a hegemonic influence over all classes in society; ruling class laws. These laws were created to serve and protect the interests of the powerful; the higher classes. Gramsci states that the ruling class maintain power by securing the consensus of the ruled. This was achieved by the maintenance of a hegemonic culture in which the ruling class power is legitimised and the ruled in effect consent to be ruled by accepting (Corall H 1998). A major work in this tradition was Hall et al Policing the Crisis in 1978.Show MoreRelated The American Society Of Criminology Essay1602 Words   |  7 PagesThe American Society Of Criminology â€Å"AHHHHhhhhh!† I let out a girlish scream and squirmed as shivers went strait up my spine. I was glued to the latest episode of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, a show that I have watched religiously since its debut. Criminology is something that has always fascinated me, and is a career that I hope to pursue in the future as an FBI agent. I frequently surf the web looking for short stories to read about different criminal cases and to find informationRead MoreCriminology1427 Words   |  6 Pages(Siegal, 2010) (McLaughlin amp; Muncie, 2005) Criminology 211 Essay This essay topic consists of two main components. The first requires you to demonstrate your knowledge of and a familiarity with the theory/perspective and the second requires you to demonstrate an understanding of its application (in either policy or practice) and the impact of its application. i)  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Briefly identify the main features and concepts of radical criminology. ii)  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Critically discuss theRead MoreThe Role Of Criminology And The Criminal Justice System1565 Words   |  7 Pagesfound guilty are punished for their crimes. Criminological enterprise In the above context, criminology therefore refers to the scientific approach to studying criminal behavior. Apparently, every crime committed is usually motivated by different factors. For instance, some people end up committing offenses due to the inability to control their anger while others become overwhelmed by their greed. Criminology is therefore the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. Not only does itRead MoreThe And Tenets Of Life Course Criminology1587 Words   |  7 Pagesas one way to understand and explain this complex issue. Life-course criminology (often referred to as DLC) emerged from this perspective as a way to help explain age in relation to crime. The purpose of this proposal is to highlight the key areas of life-course criminology and outline how they reveal the value of the theory for research purposes. These key areas of interest are the genesis and tenets of life-course criminology, its key contributors and critics, and how both of the se parties haveRead MoreCriminology And The Social Theory Essay1726 Words   |  7 Pages The ideology ‘rendezvous discipline’ refers to the study being multidisciplinary, in which many fields and outlooks are used. This mean the study of criminology is micro in nature because behaviour can be analysed in depth form different angles of approach. According to Sellin, criminology can include the realms of politics (such as left and right realist approaches to criminal behaviour and prevention strategies), psychology (such as biological and social theories for the onset of criminal activity)Read MoreSociology Of Crime : Policing1392 Words   |  6 Pageswhen the police is asking for assistance in these spheres of activity. (Millie, 2014, 4-5). Another original finding of the author which is, obviously, is one more contribution is that the police can and may be used more effectively not only for the purpose of crime reduction and criminals tracking and arrest, but also crime prevention which is, as per the author’s reasonable suggestion, the root of the e ntire crime problem and shall be dealt with by means of intensive provision of significant assistanceRead MoreCriminology : Types Of Criminal Personality1362 Words   |  6 PagesCriminology: Different Crimes Criminology: What is criminal personality? The term personality is used to define and describe the temperament and emotional attributes of a person. (S. Jones 2016). These behaviors are consistent and influence a person’s behavior so that a person may be compelled to act in the manner almost daily. The term criminal personality means a person who is of the nature to commit crime due to their temperament, ways of thinking, feeling and acting. In this paper there willRead MoreThe Rise Of The Hippy Culture In 1960S Challenges The Cultural1874 Words   |  8 Pagesunderstanding post-modern deviant behaviour, it is unnecessary to use the old criteria in deviance and crime, as it will only lead to negative side-effects. Thus, new set of theory was formed to make sense on what was happening on 1960s and all fall under the umbrella of Critical criminology. As new cultures are forming, also influences the evolution of the fashion industry, as it reflect the contemporary society, thus, incorporating a more ‘naturalâ€⠄¢ look (Welters 2008). These types of clothing, complimentsRead MoreJuvenile Female Sex Offenders : Offender And Offence Characteristics933 Words   |  4 Pages9/17/14 Juvenile Female Sex Offenders Wijkman, Miriam, Catrien Bijleveld, and Jan Hendriks. Juvenile Female Sex Offenders: Offender And Offence Characteristics. European Journal Of Criminology 11.1 (2013): 23-38. European Journal Of Criminology. Web. 14 Sept. 2014. For this critical paper I evaluated the article, Juvenile Female Sex Offenders: Offender And Offence Characteristics†. This article conforms to the library help for being a scholarly article by theRead MoreThe War On Drug: Reasons Behind The Criminalisation of Drugs and Functions of Crime In Society1255 Words   |  6 Pages(Provine, 2011, p.45). This essay focuses on the disproportionality of incarceration rates between African and Anglo Americans, and illustrates the unequal operation of law enforcement on African-Americans (Provine, 2011). This essay applies Marxist criminology to argue that the drug war is a manipulation of the law and system by the upper class to maintain their status and power over the lower class (Bradley Walters, 2012). Therefore the drug war is not essentially focused on ‘illicit’ drugs, but focuses